Health knowledge: the relationship between obesity and disease

The relationship between obesity and disease

In today's society, obese people have formed a rather spectacular team. As a common disease of modern people, the trouble and threat it brings to people has been paid more and more attention. Once upon a time, people thought that fat is a dormant energy memory, fat people grow a few dozen pounds of fat without much harm. However, studies in the past 20 years have found that adipose tissue has an active endocrine function and can secrete a variety of hormones and adipocyte factors to regulate body metabolism and inflammation, immune response and so on. So, obesity and which diseases are closely related, let's take a look.

1、Hyperlipidemia

This is due to a decrease in fat metabolism and a decrease in activity, which increases the accumulation of fat in the body and causes hyperlipidemia. Generally hyperlipidemia has no obvious clinical symptoms in the early stage, and is often found only during physical examination of blood.

Clinical experiments have proven that hyperlipidemia is a reversible disease, and it tends to increase with obesity. However, when calorie consumption is increased to reduce body weight by restricting dietary intake or participating in sports and physical work, the common blood lipid level will be reduced. This can show that the relationship between obesity and hyperlipidemia is quite close.

2、Fatty liver

About half of the obese patients suffer from mild fatty liver, especially the abdominal obese people have more chances of fatty liver. General fatty liver without special symptoms, often in the physical examination ultrasound examination only to find fatty liver. Fatty liver refers to the phenomenon of excessive fat accumulation in liver cells. The reason why abdominal obese people are prone to fatty liver is that the fat cells around the abdomen are more sensitive to stimulation, so that the fatty acid transported to the liver by the abdominal fat cells increases. Fatty liver caused by obesity is a reversible, benign disease, not the prelude to liver stiffness. As long as active treatment measures are taken, reasonable weight loss and slimming, so that the weight is reduced to normal, the lesions of fatty liver can be restored, generally good prognosis, will not bring any sequelae.

3、Coronary heart disease

Obese patients are prone to coronary heart disease has been confirmed by long-term clinical medical research. Coronary heart disease is the coronary artery atherosclerosis heart disease, is to provide the heart itself blood coronary artery atherosclerosis, leading to heart ischemia, hypoxia and caused by heart disease. Obesity and coronary heart disease have a very close relationship between. The incidence and death rate of coronary heart disease in obese patients is significantly higher than that of non-obese patients, and the treatment of coronary heart disease in obese patients is more difficult and more dangerous than that of non-obese patients.

4、Hypertension

According to foreign research confirmed that with the increase of obesity, the incidence of progressive hypertension and hypertensive heart disease also increased, when men weigh more than 15%, systolic blood pressure increased by 18%, while weight loss of 15%, systolic blood pressure decreased by 10%, the incidence of obesity hypertension is five times the normal weight of people. Hypertension is a disease with a high mortality rate, once middle-aged men weigh more than 300 pounds, the incidence of sudden death and angina increased by four times, and the incidence of cerebrovascular accidents increased by seven times.

5、Diabetes

According to modern medical research, non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients 70% to 80% of people have a history of obesity, these people tend to live more affluent, diet increased, physical activity reduced, the body is also fat, diabetes comes with it. Obese people's body shape also has a certain relationship with the cause of diabetes, the relevant medical experts found that the upper body obese people are prone to diabetes, obese hip circumference, waist circumference ratio and diabetes prevalence is positively correlated.

6、Cancer

The cancer rate of obese people is much higher than the cancer rate of people with normal weight, especially women. Female obese patients suffering from breast cancer, uterine cancer and cervical cancer risk increased by 3 times, the risk of endometrial cancer increased by 7 times. The risk of colon cancer and prostate cancer also increased significantly in male obese patients.

About Jerry

There are only 24 hours in a day, so why not spend it in a healthy and happy way? So, I choose to spend it happily
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